Optimizing Branching Strategies in Mono- and Multi-Repository Environments: A Comprehensive Analysis


There have been several studies on mono- and multi-repository structures and branching strategies. However, most of those studies focused on the basics of repository structures and used a small number of project samples. This paper uses data from more than 50 000 repositories collected from GitHub. The results indicate that: 1) mono-repository projects generally involve smaller teams, with the majority being handled by one or two developers, 2) multi-repository projects often require larger teams, typically consisting of three or more developers, 3) mono-repository projects are favored for shorter durations, with over half of the projects completed within six months, 4) multi-repository projects, on the other hand, have higher usage percentages in longer development periods, suggesting their suitability for more time-consuming endeavors. Examining branching strategies reveals that: 1) the trunk-based approach is commonly used in both mono- and multi-repository projects, 2) GitHub Flow has much wider usage in multi-repository projects rather than mono-repository.
These findings offer valuable insights for developers and project managers in selecting the appropriate repository structure and branching strategy based on project requirements. Understanding team dynamics, project complexity, and desired development periods aids in optimizing collaboration and achieving successful outcomes.


mono-repository structure, multi-repository structure, branching strategy, Git Flow, GitHub Flow, trunk-based.,


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Feb 1, 2024
How to Cite
SHAKIKHANLI, Ulvi; BILICKI, Vilmos. Optimizing Branching Strategies in Mono- and Multi-Repository Environments: A Comprehensive Analysis. Computer Assisted Methods in Engineering and Science, [S.l.], v. 31, n. 1, p. 81–111, feb. 2024. ISSN 2956-5839. Available at: <https://cames.ippt.pan.pl/index.php/cames/article/view/1372>. Date accessed: 17 apr. 2024. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.24423/cames.2024.1372.