Novelty detection based on elastic wave signals measured by different techniques
The paper discusses the results of laboratory experiments in which three independent measurement techniques were compared: a digital oscilloscope, phased array acquisition system, a laser vibrometer 3D. These techniques take advantage of elastic wave signals actuated and sensed by a surface-mounted piezoelectric transducers as well as non-contact measurements. In these experiments two samples of aluminum strips were investigated while the damage was modeled by drilling a hole. The structure responses recorded were then subjected to a procedure of signal processing, and features' extraction was done by Principal Components Analysis. A pattern database defined was used to train artificial neural networks for the purpose of damage detection.